Find the travel option that best suits you. of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea according to the data of the All-Ukrainian census of the population, accounted for 2033,7 thousand persons.. Define Autonomous Republic of Crimea. The Tatars were accused of collaboration by Stalin and deported en masse to Central Asia and Siberia in 1944. CORONAVIRUS (COVID-19) Trusted, up-to-date information with AI from Watson. Heavier industry is concentrated in the city of Kerch, traditionally a centre of large-scale iron ore mining. [84] However, most of Crimea (88.5%) receives 300 to 500 millimetres (11.8 to 19.7 in) of precipitation per year. Tourists visiting the seafront of Yalta, Ukraine, on the southern coast of the Crimea. The status of Crimea is disputed. **) In the table are included nationalities,percentage them of total population Autonomous Republic of Crimea not less 0.1%. United Russia maintained its position as the most supported political party across Crimea at the Russian legislative election on 18 September 2016, achieving 72.8% of the vote. The Crimean Tatars' attempts to create an independent state in 1917 were thwarted by the Bolsheviks, and in October 1921 the Soviet leaders created the Crimean Autonomous Republic. Today. With them, control of the peninsula changed in 1238, as all but the Perateia of Crimea was incorporated into the territory of the Golden Horde throughout the 14th century CE. After the 2014 Ukrainian revolution and the flight of Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych from Kyiv on 21 February 2014, Russian President, Vladimir Putin stated to colleagues that "we must start working on returning Crimea to Russia. Crimea and adjacent territories were united in the Crimean Khanate during the 15th to 18th century. Given autonomous republic status within Russia after the Bolshevik revolution, Crimea was occupied by the Nazis in the early 1940s. GfK Ukraine. Simferopol/Ak-Mechet, the modern capital. Radar. Further east still is Theodosia/Kaffa/Feodosia, once a great slave-mart and a kind of capital for the Genoese and Turks. Between 1925 and 1969 the camp hosted 300,000 children. Krym, peninsula and republic (1991 est. [failed verification] [95], The most important industries in Crimea include food production, chemical fields, mechanical engineering, and metalworking, and fuel production industries. Many did not survive. The Crimean peninsula from this time was contested between Byzantium, Rus' and Khazaria. [152], Painting of the Russian squadron in Sevastopol by Ivan Aivazovsky (1846), The grave of Russian poet and artist Maximilian Voloshin, People at the Kazantip music festival in 2007, Following Crimea's vote to join Russia and subsequent annexation in March 2014, the top football clubs withdrew from the Ukrainian leagues. [78][79] The general trend is for the former lakes to become salt pans. Nearby: East of the Kerch Strait the Ancient Greeks founded colonies at Phanagoria (at the head of Taman Bay), Hermonassa (later Tmutarakan and Taman), Gorgippia (later a Turkish port and now Anapa). The National Congress of Paraguay has adopted a declaration condemning Russia's occupation of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, Ukraine's Embassy in Argentina has told Ukrinform. Crimea (or Tauric Peninsula, as it was called from antiquity until the early modern period) has historically been at the boundary between the classical world and the Pontic–Caspian steppe. [33] During the period of the Crimean Khanate the many pre-Catherine peoples, including Crimean Greeks, Italians, Goths, Cumans, and Kipchkaks of Crimea merged into the Crimean Tatar nation's Tat, Yaliboylu, and Steppe (or Nogay) subgroups. A general referendum on the future of the republic was held. May 2015 satellite image of the Crimean Peninsula, Autonomy in Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (1921–1944), Region in Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (1945–1954), Region in Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1954–1991). Synonyms for Autonomous Republic of Crimea in Free Thesaurus. Almost every settlement in Crimea is connected with another settlement by bus lines. Ethnic composition of Crimea's population has changed dramatically since the early 20th century. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, Ukraine was reestablished as an independent state in 1991, and most of the peninsula was reorganized as the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, while the city of Sevastopol retained its special status within Ukraine. [105] The road bridge opened in May 2018, and the rail bridge opened in December 2019. Confirmed Cases 270,587. From 1853 to 1856, the peninsula was the site of the principal engagements of the Crimean War, a conflict fought between the Russian Empire and an alliance of France, Britain, the Ottoman Empire and Sardinia.[39]. Many of these sanctions were directed at individuals—both Russian and Crimean. Unlike most of the young pioneer camps, Artek was an all-year camp, due to the warm climate. Based on weather reports collected during 1985–2015. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The highest proportion Russians in Autonomous Republic of Crimea - 1180.4 thousand persons, or 58.5% of total population. Given its long history and many conquerors, most towns in Crimea have several names. [147], Following the 2014 Russian annexation of Crimea 38 out of 46 the Ukrainian Orthodox Church – Kyiv Patriarchate parishes in Crimea ceased to exist, in three cases churches were seized by the Russian authorities. [72] [65], In 2017 the Russian government also began modernising the Simferopol International Airport,[66] which opened its new terminal in April 2018. It is Autonomous Republic of Crimea. [84] The Crimean mountains greatly influence the amount of precipitation present in the peninsula. North of the peninsula the Dnieper turns westward and enters the Black Sea through the east–west Dnieper-Bug Estuary which also receives the Bug River. UEFA ruled that Crimean clubs could not join the Russian leagues but should instead be part of a Crimean league system. 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