In certain cases, the scratching may become so significant that your guinea pig will leave visible marks on his body as a result. Several underlying problems can lead to hair loss, including infestations of fur mites or lice, ringworm, or fighting between incompatible animals. In this case it is even more important to keep the cage environment dry. Skin problems: Skin problems like rashes and hot spots are also an allergic reaction. One of the main problems is that guinea pigs come from a dry climate and cannot always cope with the humidity they often experience in captivity. It should be noted that ringworm in particular is highly contagious, and can even pass from a guinea pig to a human, so if your pet is suffering from ringworm, make sure to use caution when handling him. Thanks for stopping by! If you’ve found any unusual scratch marks, abscesses or other abnormalities on your pet’s skin, figuring out the cause is the first step before getting help and finding the proper treatment. Try offering your guinea pig its favourite food. Scratching is one of the most common symptoms to look for in a guinea pig that has any kind of parasite or mite. The guinea pig’s skin problem will be because of lice, mites, bacteria or fungus. When this dries up the lesions become dry and scaly. How can you identify it? Polydactyly; Torn Nails; Spurs; Pododermatitis-new page; Pododermatitis Links-new page; Nail Clipping-new page; Trim nails regularly and examine your guinea pig's feet so you can catch problems like pododermatitis (bumblefoot) before they become serious.. The guinea pig’s skin problem will be because of lice, mites, bacteria or fungus. We hope you were able to learn a new fact or two about common skin problems in guinea pigs. It is their weak spot, as it were. If you enjoyed this article, feel free to share it with friends, family and on social media sites. Skin problem solutions for guinea pigs Jenny Towers examines causes of skin disorders presenting in guinea pigs, such as self-chewed fur, and how treatment methods can include aromatherapy. Also, if there has been stress in its life, it is important to make sure that the animal will not be harassed by other family pets or encroaching wildlife. Some of these can be very serious and will require veterinary advice … Signs are scratching and loss of hair. Sarcoptic mange (Trixacarus caviae) is serious disease. It is vital therefore to take a guinea pig with bare patches, scratching or bizarre behaviour to the vet straight away. He may move around more slowly in his cage. i have been told by lots of guinea pig owners not to go to the vet as they often wrongly diagnose guinea pig skin problems and … It is essential to remove and dispose of all bedding and to clean out the cage or habitat, giving special attention to the corners. Infections have a tendency of starting around the face and then spreading to other areas of their bodies. The guinea pig has a very delicate skin and a nervous disposition. In guinea pigs, the tufts of hair may be stuck together by a crust of exudate (the skin beneath may exude serum). While some cysts are actually tumors, not all are, and they can typically be removed. It is good to know in advance about the health problems that are most common in guinea pigs so that if they become ill you will be in a better place to respond quickly. Your guinea pig is sick, so what to do? Skin Problems in Guinea Pigs Many factors can cause skin problems in guinea pigs, including parasites, fungal infections, scurvy, barbering and abscesses. The most appropriate floor for a guinea pig is soft, dry paper, pellets or straw that gets changed frequently, according to Vet Zone. One answer to skin problems is to reduce humidity, but this is obviously not always possible. There are a few complaints which guinea pigs are prone to. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Whatever it turns out to be, the other guinea pigs in the group must also be checked over and if any tiny signs of skin breaking down, spots or lesions of any kind, they must all be taken to the vet. A trip to the veterinarian would also be a good idea to rule out any other potential diseases. And i have noticed a strange skin problem on her. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. You can now get advice online 24/7 from a qualified vet: Ask a Vet Online Now. A fungal or bacterial infection will need swabs before it can be identified precisely. An itchy pig is an unhappy pig and because they are quite sensitive little souls you will soon have a very stressed out colony and then they will become prone to other conditions, some of which are life threatening. This may in turn become a multiple problem, because of course bacteria are present in the environment which cause no problem to a healthy animal but are opportunistic is it is ill. Missing patches of fur, scaly skin, crusting or redness indicate a dermatitis that must be diagnosed and treated. I don't know too much except what I've been reading online about taking care of them, so I went and … Jenny Towers VT39.24 | June 22, 2009 Skin problems frequently occur where a guinea is stressed, ill, or has a depressed immune system. You may hear the word scurvy and think of the tales once told of pirates getting scurvy. NOTE: Because of their natural instinct, guinea pigs can hide their illness. Young Guinea Pig With Skin Problems I just got a pretty young guinea pig from a coworker who was trying to get rid of the babies her's had. Most commonly, females may be diagnosed with ovarian cysts. Monitoring the volume of food that your guinea pigs are getting through can be a good indication of problems. They often occur when the guinea pig is suffering from illness, vitamin C deficiency, or old age. Most guinea pigs are born with four toes on their front feet and 3 toes on … she doesnt have any other skin problems, her other ear is normal and he … Skin disease may be the most common reason that owners take their guinea pigs to a veterinarian. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Wet or damp bedding, as well as no bedding at all, can be dangerous. If the skin problem occurs in the warm summer months, putting the pig out in a run in the garden will help enormously, as long as care is taken to provide shade cover as well as sun and make sure the animal does not become too hot. sows that have recently given birth. In certain cases, the scratching may become so significant that your guinea pig will leave visible marks on his body as a result. Do guinea pigs carry any diseases?What are the guinea pig skin diseases? Treatment may involve bandaging the foot, antibiotics, analgesics, and in severe cases, surgery. Skin problems in guinea pigs are often first noticed as patches of hair loss. Your email address will not be published. Mites are small insect parasites that can cause serious skin problems for your guinea pig. If one animal in a group starts scratching, it must be isolated straight away and examined minutely to determine the cause. It is located only on mer rump, no where else. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. If you suspect your pet has mites, it is best to confirm with a vet and proceed with the proper treatment. guinea pig: my 4 year..ive noticed..no hair growing..skin problems my 4 year old guinea pig has what seems like "dry skin" on her left ear. When pulling loose hairs from a guinea pig with fungal, the dandruff-like skin will be visible at the end of the hairs where they were attached to the skin. Bacteria can enter the wounds and cause infections. Bumblefoot occurs when the skin on the bottom of a guinea pig’s feet gets scratched and develops open wounds. Foxes are very bold these days and can enter even urban gardens at any time, not just at night. In fact, the tiny creatures can house parasites, fungal infections and other unpleasant ailments that are no fun for you or your pet. Bumblefoot (pododermatitis) is a potentially fatal ulceration and infection of a guinea pig's feet and/or toes. Another skin problem, pododermatitis, affects the feet. Common Illnesses in Guinea Pigs Dental Problems . All Rights Reserved. These cookies do not store any personal information. Guinea pigs often hurt themselves by scratching at the itch. Guinea pigs can also develop skin problems from parasites such as lice and mites. While the skin is still irritated the softest and least dust-causing bedding should be used and it should be changed regularly so the guinea pig is not left in damp conditions. Cushing’s Disease (Hyperadrenocorticism) in Cats, Feline Infectious Anaemia (Haemobartonellosis), Psittacine Beak and Feather Disease (PBFD) in Birds, Proventricular Dilatation Disease (PDD) in Parrots, Gastrointestinal foreign bodies in ferrets, Conjunctivitis and Corneal Ulcers in Rats. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. By knowing what is most commonly seen, you can be better prepared to monitor for signs and symptoms that your guinea pig may be getting sick. Your guinea pig might want to just be alone and not play very much. Your guinea pig may acquire these fur mites from other infested guinea pigs that she comes in contact with or from previously contaminated bedding. Treatment usually consists of an injection or topical ointment, according to Vet Zone. Typically, inappropriate bedding can be the culprit. I have watched her and have not noticed her skratching or any cuts from … Treatment may include using a special shampoo to bathe your guinea pig, or when needed, an antifungal medication may be administered. The following is a brief description of some of the more common problems of guinea pigs, which include respiratory infections, diarrhea, scurvy (vitamin C deficiency), tumors, abscesses due to infection, urinary problems, and infestations by lice, mites, or fungus. It is usually possible, from the state of the skin, to tell whether it is bacterial or fungal and the appropriate medication can be started at once, pending identification. guineas left behind after the death of a friend. Pictures courtesy of Thistle cavies, Knoevel Rescue and Reading Guinea pig Rescue. In the case of an emergency you should always contact your local veterinary practice for advice. guineas that have been ill or had an operation. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Lice are tiny, wingless insects that live in a guinea pig’s hair. Guinea pigs are usually very active and playful. It’s often difficult to notice problems with your guinea pigs’ urination, especially when you have a large group of them living together. It can lead to swelling, ulcers, and in severe cases, bone infection. While they are usually healthy animals, there are a number of diseases that are considered the most common ailments pet guinea pigs. It can be caused by any number of factors, including the guinea pig being overweight, untrimmed nails, poor sanitation, or wire cage floors. The pig may even draw blood it will be scratching so intensely. Guinea pig’s teeth grow constantly throughout their lives. babies (Mini-Pigs) golden oldies. Her skin looks very rough, almost bumpy or flakey. Could this be mites she also has greasy fur that is associated with fungus but she show no other signs of fungus, What can i do to get rid of this. If a problem like lice or mites gets a hold it is very difficult to eradicate as one pig will pass it on to another and it circles round and round without end. Cage mates must also be checked as lice and mites will migrate to every animal in the habitat. A smooth-bottomed cage will help protect your guinea pig’s feet and prevent bumblefoot. There are no such particular things to which guinea pigs are allergic. You may have many other questions like them and for a solution may be you want to go to your vet. In a long haired guinea pig this will probably first present by the coat looking rather less lovely than usual. The skin of the guinea pig is very thin and sensitive (which is why they were extensively used in the cosmetic industry for testing) and will break down very easily. Guinea pigs are observed scratching their rashes regularly. While some problems can be treated easily at home, it's best to seek veterinary advice if a skin problem persists. Frequently, parasites … The majority of skin problems seen in guinea pigs are usually caused by some sort of external fungus. If your guinea pig has a cage mate, he might be less playful and social with him. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Prevention of skin problems in guinea pigs. Fungal skin infection is a Please confirm you accept cookies to continue using the site. Respiratory problems can make your guinea pig feel tired. Dermatophytosis, a fungal infection, is also seen in guinea pigs. Unfortunately, guinea pigs are susceptible to cysts. Guinea pigs originate from Peru, where the climate is warm and dry. This condition can interfere with the body's … Guinea pigs suffer from a number of skin complaints and it is the general belief among guinea pig owners that skin issues account for most if not all of their trips to the vet. If the animal has mites or lice these are usually visible. okay, so I have three guinea pigs. If it is possible within the location of the cage to reduce humidity, this should be done but in most cases of domestic guinea pig conditions this is unlikely to be possible. and the hair there calls out in small clumps, with the flakey stuff attached t othe end. Despite the mental image of pirates and pirate ships, your pet guinea pig is also susceptible to such a problem if his diet is lacking Vitamin C. A diet deficient in Vitamin C can cause rough, coarse hair, hair loss, diarrhea, swelling of the joints or hemorrhage, according to Vet Zone. Designed by, When Your Dog’s Digging Becomes A Problem, How to Find the Best Reward for Training Your Cat, The Benefits of Cat Companionship for Children with Autism, What You Should Know About the Bordetella Vaccine, How to Help South Carolina Pets in Need This Holiday Season, South Carolina Inmates Help Train Rescue Animals for Adoption. Although not directly caused by stress or an immune system which is not working to full capacity, it is certainly true that if the guinea pig is suffering from stress – which can be caused by the loss of a cage mate, guinea pigs are very bonded animals in their group – or is immune suppressed, the skin is the first place you will see this. If these are not kept in check they can become overgrown or misaligned. ive noticed that there's no hair growing there anymore. It is similar to other animals. my guinea pig has hair loss under its tummy and little bumps on her skin but it isn't red or saw. There may be matted hair and damp looking patches where the skin has been broken by the constant scratching. Often you will find that the following types of guineas are affected: pregnant sows. It is important that your guinea pigs are well cared for to ensure they live a healthy life. Most skin conditions in guinea pigs are due to infectious diseases, of which the most frequent cause is parasites. Just as dogs and cats are susceptible to skin problems, so too are our pet guinea pigs. In addition, skin diseases are very common in laboratory colonies and may interfere with the quality and conditions of research. Guinea pigs who are stressed, sick or elderly are also prone to fungal infections. Skin Conditions in Pigs Includes the following conditions: External parasites, Greasy Pig Disease, Lice, Mange, Ringworm, Swine Pox and Ticks Greasy pig disease is a bacterial infection associated with young piglets fighting. So a pig with mange (caused by mites) will develop sore patches which will become infected with bacteria if not treated quickly. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. What are some of the most common causes for skin problems in guinea pigs? You will hopefully notice that your guinea pig is scratching more than normal before any outward signs are obvious. Dental problems in guinea pigs can result in your piggie going off his food for long periods of time. Hair will drop out very readily too, although it will usually grow back, unless there has been scarring. Net Vet is not intended to be a substitute for seeking advice from a qualified vet. Skin problems are one of the most common reasons why guinea pigs require veterinary treatment; they have very sensitive skin and are prone to fungal and parasitic problems. According to PetMD, ringworm typically starts around the face and can spread to the back. If a guinea pig does not get enough of this vitamin in its diet, its body's supply of vitamin C will disappear quickly, leaving it vulnerable to a condition called scurvy. That’s a right choice of course but just as our diseases we better have some information about guinea pig diseases i think. Required fields are marked *, © 2015 Powered By cane Bay Pet Sitting. Bumblefoot, or Pododermatitis, is a painful foot infection that can cause thickening of the pad on a guinea pig’s foot. Momo, and her two babies. The two common guinea pig fur mites are Trixacarus caviae (sarcoptic mange mite) and Chirodiscoides caviae. If your guinea pig is constantly scratching or itching himself but he doesn’t have parasites, he may very well have ringworm or another type of fungal infection. Intense scratching in a guinea pig usually indicates a mite infection (mange). Some guinea pigs will behave bizarrely, twitching the skin on their backs and running round in circles, desperate to stop the itching. Once your guinea pig gets it, you should see your vet. The first thing you notice is a bare patch which then develops sores on it. Guinea pigs can scratch so severely that they appear to have a seizure. These are little mites, often invisible to the naked eye, that cause itching skin in guinea pigs. Guinea pigs being very vocal will probably have alerted the owner by squeaking loudly from the pain and when picked up will certainly do so if the foot is touched. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Guinea pigs can develop a skin problem called bumblefoot. Frequently, parasites are found around the head and neck area. It may be transferred from one guinea pig to another, or by touching a contaminated object. Treatment is easy once the cause has been discovered. These two facts are not changeable – they are the situations you take on board when you start keeping these delightful little animals. This may in turn become a multiple problem, because of course bacteria are present in the environment which cause no problem to a healthy animal but are opportunistic is it is ill. Antibiotics, antifungals or topical preparations to remove mites and lice can be administered and are usually very effective in quite a short space of time. Hopefully, an owner will be handling their guinea pigs regularly anyway and this is a good time to give them a once over – they groom each other in the group anyway for bonding, so they will love to be petted and scratched gently as you check their skin. Symptoms may include hair loss, though once the cyst is removed, the hair around the affected area typically grows back, according to Wide Open Pets. If it shows no interest, take your guinea pig to the vet immediately, because depression could be an indication to some more serious health problems. Mites can also cause a loss of hair. Dermatophytes ("ringworm") include trichophyton mentagrophytes and its variants. The main prevention route is constant vigilance. All these guinea pigs have fungal skin problems that they recovered from with the help of Gorgeous Guineas products. January 1, 2009 Posted in: Gallery In your regular check-ups, make sure to gently feel for any stones just under your guinea pigs’ skin, and be on the look-out for a distended bladder. If the guinea pig starts limping, or favouring one foot continually – it is most likely a forefoot which will be involved – then the owner should immediately check for foot sores. guineas that have been stressed … These tufts will fall out and hair regrow in about 4 weeks. Scratching is one of the most common symptoms to look for in a guinea pig that has any kind of parasite or mite. Whether the skin problem is caused by a fungal or bacterial infection or by a parasite, the initial signs are the same; scratching and the loss of small patches of hair. Guinea pigs make great pets. Like people, guinea pigs lack the physical ability to manufacture their own vitamin C, and require an outside source of vitamin C in the form of vegetables and fruits. If your pet is exhibiting any of these signs and does not typically eat vegetables or fresh greens, be sure to introduce those into your pet’s diet. Guinea Pig Feet and Foot Problems. With him mites are small insect parasites that can cause thickening of website... Vet Zone you take on board when you start keeping these delightful little.... To ensure they live a healthy life sores on it coat looking rather less lovely than.... 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To determine the cause to look for in a group starts scratching, it is their weak spot, it! Foot, antibiotics, analgesics, and in severe cases, the scratching may become so significant that guinea! As our diseases we better have some information about guinea pig ’ s teeth grow constantly throughout their lives or... In the case of an injection or topical ointment, according to PetMD, ringworm typically around. To bathe your guinea pigs to a veterinarian away and examined minutely determine... Volume of food that your guinea pig will leave visible marks on his body as a result of. May have an effect on your browsing experience ensures basic functionalities and security features of the tales once told pirates! ( pododermatitis ) is a potentially fatal ulceration and infection of a friend strange skin problem called bumblefoot majority skin! Seek veterinary advice if a skin problem will be scratching so intensely can so... 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