If the grass in the footprints do not rebound, then water the next morning. N.C. Mole crickets, grubs, ground pearls, as well as nematodes can cause considerable damage. Weed Control: To control crabgrass, goosegrass, sandspurs, and other summer annual weeds, apply a pre-emergent herbicide early in the year. Which will in turn needs to be mown more than … If either of these insects were a problem early in the season, apply an insecticide mid-July to control the younger immature insects. Mid-summer: Depending on the soil type, fertilize with ½ to 1 pound of actual nitrogen per 1,000 square feet in June or July using a fertilizer that is also high in potassium, such as a 15-0-15. Empire Zoysia Lawn Maintenance Calendar General Information for Empire Zoysia grass Empire Zoysia grass is a native proprietary selection of Zoysia japonica. There are currently over a dozen zoysiagrass cultivars available from North Carolina sod growers. They are often classified based on leaf width or texture, with the finer textured ones including Cavalier, Emerald, Geo, Leisure Time, Meyer, Zeon, and Zorro. Zoysia – General Notes. Monitor the lawn on a regular basis to assess the need for irrigation. All recommendations for pesticide use are for South Carolina only and were legal at the time of publication, but the status of registration and use patterns are subject to change by action of state and federal regulatory agencies. Another method is to walk across the lawn late in the evening. Last frost dates and first frost dates can vary by several weeks to a month from the coastal areas of South Carolina to the foothills of the Upstate. Established lawns may be maintained at different levels of perfection according to individual situations and desires, but good lawns seldom “just happen.” This summary outlines major steps required to maintain a high-quality lawn year round.Steps in boldface type indicate a minimum program where time, money or interest dictates a usable lawn with least effort. Turf weakened by disease in fall will be slow to recover in the spring; therefore, fungicide applications are needed to control disease before the grass goes dormant. This will give the number of pounds of fertilizer product to apply to 1000 square feet of turf. This will help to correct problems associated with poor infiltration and drainage. In 3 months, recheck the soil pH to see what change was made. Two, don't over water. The date of initial turf greenup can be quite variable. Lawn maintenance requirements differ in levels of fertilization, watering, soil pH, and mowing height. For best control and to lessen the chance of turfgrass injury, always apply herbicides to turfgrass and weeds that are actively growing and not suffering from drought or heat stress. On sandy soils, zoysiagrass may require up to 1⁄2 inch of water every third day. Weed Control
If a weed problem begins and the grass has begun to green with warmer temperatures, wait until the grass has fully greened before applying a post-emergent herbicide. An application of a soluble iron product will enhance the green color without creating excessive growth. If a pre-emergent herbicide was not applied, then the resulting weeds will need to be controlled using post-emergent herbicides. NC State University and NC Leave nutrient-rich grass clippings on the lawn unless they are unsightly or in clumps. This should be done just before the time of lawn green-up, which usually occurs during late April or early May. Bermudagrass Home Lawn Management Calendar January February March April May June July August September October November December Mowing Mow if necessary to prevent winter annual weeds from flowering (p. 6) Mow at 1-2” height weekly, or as frequently as required to prevent scalping. Disease Control
Fertilization: Always fertilize and add lime or sulfur based on a soil test. As with all pest control, proper weed identification is essential. Trent C. Hale, PhD, Former Extension Turfgrass Specialist, Clemson UniversityChuck Burgess, Former HGIC Horticulture Extension Agent, Clemson University, Gary Forrester, Horticulture Extension Agent, Horry County Extension Service, Clemson University. Curative treatments for white grubs are applied after the larvae have hatched from the egg stage. However, an early warm-up can lead to significant mole cricket activity. If this ratio is not available, substitute with another complete analysis fertilizer for this first application. The optimal maintenance period may begin earlier or last longer due to weather changes in the study area. In partial shade, mow zoysiagrass at 2 to 2½ inches. See HGIC 1212, Zoysiagrass for additional information on care and varieties. The following management practices will help you care for your lawn throughout the year. This publication printed on: Dec. 22, 2020, Zoysiagrass needs 0.5 to 1 inch of water a week. This is not the best time to apply an insecticide for insect control because of cool soil temperatures and reduced insect activity. Minimal mowing, watering and annual maintenance will reward you with a thick, luxurious green lawn, which will also allow you to transplant additional zoysia plugs on your own. Three, prevent weeds and feed! This is the only species of zoysiagrass that has seed commercially available. Thatch Removal: If a thatch layer becomes a problem, use a dethatcher or vertical mower to remove it. Individuals who use agricultural chemicals are responsible for ensuring that the intended use complies with current regulations and conforms to the product label. It is not unusual for zoysiagrass to green up and be burnt back several times during the late winter or early spring due to late season frosts. To manage a lawn, it is important to know the soil texture in the top foot of soil. These include: Cavalier, Compadre, Crowne, El Toro, Emerald, Empire, Geo, Jamur, Leisure Time, Meyer, Palisades, Zenith, Zeon, and Zorro. Apply nutrients based on soil testing. Warm-season grasses, such as Bermudagrass, Zoysia grass and Bahiagrass, thrive in southern regions. The mower setting should be around 1 to 1½ inches high. It is best adapted to the Piedmont and Coastal Plain regions of North Carolina, but some of the more cold tolerant cultivars can be grown in the western part of the state as well. Sharpen blades every spring. Contact the local County Extension Office or the Home & Garden Information Center for positive identification and proper management strategies. Zoysiagrass (Zoysia) is a warm-season grass that spreads by rhizomes and stolons to produce a very dense, wear-resistant turf.It is best adapted to the Piedmont and Coastal Plain regions of North Carolina, but some of the more cold tolerant cultivars can … Follow all label directions on the product for use and application rate. Once nighttime temperatures fall below 70 °F, slightly raise the mower to allow more leaf surface. This is our basic service program. Products containing two or three different broadleaf herbicides are more effective in controlling broadleaf weeds in a lawn. Indians. Clay soils, however, will hold moisture for a longer period. ZOYSIA MAINTENANCE CALENDAR The following table shows the optimal time period to perform maintenance practices. Mow Empire zoysia grass … Mowing
The need for phosphorus is determined by a soil test. Fertilization: Do not apply nitrogen at this time. — Read our Do not mow the lawn for 3 days prior to or 2 days after herbicide application. Fall maintenance for Empire Zoysia is easy as 1, 2, 3. This turfgrass species normally produces a hefty thatch layer, so a little thicker thatch than for other turfgrass species is acceptable. For more information on weed control, please see HGIC 2310, Managing Weeds in Warm-Season Lawns. Grass clippings decompose quickly and do not contribute to thatch. Copyright © 2020 Clemson UniversityClemson Cooperative Extension | 103 Barre Hall Clemson, SC 29634864-986-4310 | Contact UsHGIC@clemson.edu, College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences, Centipedegrass Yearly Maintenance Program. Grasstype: ZOYSIA. When the entire lawn appears dry, apply ¾ to 1 inch of water the next morning. Meyer and Emerald zoysiagrass, Manila grass and Zoysia tenuifolia must be propagated vegetatively from sprigs, plugs or sod. Soil test every two years. A sharp mower blade will cleanly cut the grass blades as opposed to tearing the leaves. To help reduce disease problems, fertilize the zoysiagrass lawn according to recent soil test recommendations and water infrequently. Zeon zoysiagrass is a fine-textured turfgrass that makes a beautiful, dark green, shade- & drought-tolerant lawn.Joey Williamson, ©2018 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Mowing: Mow the lawn slightly lower than the regular summer mowing height of 1½ to 2 inches. Receive Email Notifications for New Publications. Many grassy weeds are controlled by quinclorac or fluazifop applications. Crabgrass species, goosegrass, dallisgrass, purple and yellow nutsedge, annual sedges, and sandbur can be controlled with postemergence herbicides. Fertilization
Soils in the Upstate are typically acidic and usually do not need sulfur applications, but they likely may benefit from lime applications. Important times to monitor the weather are late winter or early spring when the turf is coming out of dormancy and early fall when first frost are forecasted. Alternatively, the lawn can be hand raked to remove the excessive dead leaf material from the lawn surface. For more information on mole crickets, see HGIC 2155, Mole Cricket Management in Turfgrass. Follow March through May guidelines. Because of its leaf blade stiffness, zoysiagrass can be difficult to mow, and the mower blade will need to be sharpened frequently throughout the growing season. The resulting ragged ends on the blades make the grass more susceptible to diseases. Because everysite is different due to variations inlocation, terrain, soil type, condition oflawn, previous lawn care and other factors,adjust these practices and datesto suit your home lawn. 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