Experts have assumed that this is how the species show its toxicity. It has black and white stripes, as well as several yellow stains on its body and face. These waters contain more than 2,500 species of fish and over 500 species of coral, making the Philippines a marine biodiversity hotspot. Philippines - Philippines - Plant and animal life: Although many of the mountain regions and some of the lowlands remain heavily forested, the country’s forests have been shrinking rapidly for decades. Can a porcupine kill a human? The Philippines has a rich, RICH diversity of sea stars (as well as many, other marine animals) and so this "guide" won't be complete, but it includes several of the most frequently encountered species which are photographed and put on the web. The smallest porcupine is the Rothschilds Porcupine from South America which weighs only 1 kilogram (2.2 pounds). In the wild, colugos eat young leaves and … 1. 2. New York City Dive Ratz Phillipines anyone? Thanks to these tubercles, the pygmy seahorse can be one with knobby corals underwater. There are 11 species in this family. The blue whale is the largest marine creature lurking in the seas of the Philippines. But aside from its massive body, it’s also the most aggressive of all triggerfishes and fish species in general. This species is a common resident in the Pacific Ocean and is another endemic marine species of the Philippines. The Critically Endangered Philippine crocodile (Crocodylus mindorensis) is co… There are eight cloud rat species in the Philippines, and all of them are threatened or endangered. A porcupine is any of 58 species of rodents belonging to the families Erethizontidae (genera: Coendou, Erethizon, and Chaetomys) or Hystricidae (genera: Atherurus, Hystrix, and Trichys). Lastly, we have the titan triggerfish. Some quills can get up to a foot (30 centimeters) long, like those on the Africa's crested porcupine, according to National Geographic. Both are covered with a total of 30,000 or more hollow quills. This species also inhabits caves, but is commonly found under tree buttresses or in rock crevices. Decorator crabs always adorn themselves with a variety of plants and animals, hence their name. Spiders found in Philippines include 19 unique species from confirmed sightings by contributing members of Spider ID. The species often feeds on, A part of the stingray family, eagle rays are named after the unique spots, wing-like fins, and eagle-like snouts on their bodies. It has been recorded in the islands of Busuanga, Calauit, and Coron, and on the mainland at the Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park, and the forested areas of El Nido. Its body is really long with a shape that fairly resembles a small eel. Humpback Whale via Gregory “Slobirdr” Smith. A part of the stingray family, eagle rays are named after the unique spots, wing-like fins, and eagle-like snouts on their bodies. With a cluster of over 7,000 volcanic islands in the Pacific Ocean, the Philippines is a country famous for its spectacular landscapes and incredible biodiversity. These areas serve as their hunting grounds at night, where they find small prey, such as crabs and worms, with barbels on their snouts. Brownbanded ones are among the most common, The long and slender body of this species features lobed. Porcupines vary in size considerably: Rothschild's porcupine of South America weighs less than a kilogram (2.2 lb); the crested porcupine found in Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa can grow to well over 27 kg (60 lb). The species often feeds on starfish, among other echinoderms. Further, a porcupine ray’s preferred habitat is in populated coastal areas that are more susceptible to human activity. With so much to see beneath Philippine waters, you’re probably eager to learn more about specific marine life. Apparently, its population is stable, but it is reported to be persecuted by farmers as pests in coconut plantations. Porcupine rays reach a maximum width of 3.8 feet (1.2 m). Awesome, right? You can find them on gorgonian sea fans that are 52 to 131 feet deep. The body comes in a yellow-greenish color and features evenly spaced black rings all over it. The species resembles a disk which adds to their attractiveness. Heaney, L., Balete, D., Rosell-Ambal, G., Tabaranza, B., Ong, P. & Widmann, P. (2008). Harlequin shrimps are nocturnal, meaning they only come out at night to consume prey. They’re one of the most well-known sea creatures among snorkeling enthusiasts, too. They can spot thousands of colorful reef fish, and depending on the season, rarely seen pelagic fish, such as whale sharks and hammerhead sharks. The many islands, reefs, and the Philippines continental plate provide habitat to many fish species both endemic and native. The flamboyant cuttlefish looks for its favorite food on ocean bottoms. This makes the blue-ringed octopus one of the ocean’s most dangerous animals. the second sea creature on this list is one of the world’s smallest vertebrates (usually less than 2 centimeters in size). The long and slender body of this species features lobed fins and an asymmetrical caudal fin. It has become our favorite dive location in the world! Divers can spot over 500 nudibranch species in Philippine waters, making them one of the most common sea creatures in the country. is relatively popular among divers due to the vibrant pattern on its body. Unique red and purple spots cover the body of this species, which can come in a white or cream hue. The largest sea turtle in the country is the Leatherback, which can … Also, they often eat their prey (which consists of tiny fish and crustaceans) at night. Frogfish is another interesting species of Philippine reef fish: These strange creatures have leg-like fins, camouflaged skin, and perpetual “oh no!” expressions. Unlike New World porcupines, Old World porcupines don't climb trees. Reptiles are represented by about 235 species, some 160 of which are endemic (68 percent). However, what sets flamboyant cuttlefish apart from other marine animals in the Philippines is its ability to flash yellow, maroon, brown, white, and red hues across its body. 1. Eagle rays are mostly harmless since they’re both shy and gentle. Known for its appearance in the animated movie Finding Nemo, the Moorish idol is another common sea creature you’d run into in the Philippines. Full grown adults can weight above 100 tons and stretch to more than 20 meters (76 feet) in length. The Philippines is home to four of the only six sea turtles species in the world. Isn’t the blue ringed octopus toxic and can kill humans?! Its physical features include a short snout and a fleshy body that features plenty of tubercles. Also known as Bargibant’s seahorse (hippocampus bargibanti), the second sea creature on this list is one of the world’s smallest vertebrates (usually less than 2 centimeters in size). Porcupines can inhabit nearly any type of environment, including forests, grasslands, shrubbery, rainforests and deserts. It may have a light green or dark and light tan color. These rodents are relatively large compared to the rest of the order Rodentia. 3. These lizards have a flap of skin on either side of their body, which they use to glide from trees to the ground. And it’s very effective: divers will find it hard to spot the species during daytime. We stay and dive with Atlantis Resorts and have nothing but high praise for them and the lovely people of the PI. Long feared extinct, researchers rediscovered it in 2012, almost four decades after its first appearance on an island northeast of Mindanao. Here are 15 species that are commonly sighted in Philippine waters. It is unlikely. They’re carnivores with mollusks, crustaceans, octopuses, and small fish as their prey. The DNA test identifies the baby porcupine's sex very rapidly. Titan triggerfishes have an extremely protective personality that’s most evident during reproduction. Banded pipefish love staying near reefs, as well as tide pools, lagoons, and outer reef slopes. It also has a vibrant red tail that boasts white fringes and a white spot. It includes Vulnerable (VU), Endangered (EN), Critically Endangered (CR), and recently Extinct (EX) species. Learn how your comment data is processed. The scissors chromis was discovered in the Verde Island Passage, one of the most productive ecosystems in the world, at depths of 90 to 130 meters. Bright colors also distinguish these species from each other, with several types being considered poisonous. this specie, a bipedal primate having language and ability to make and use complex tools has a brain of 1400 cc. It is known locally as durian or landak. This rodent belongs to the Old World porcupines. Engineered bamboo and greening efforts Since interest on the many uses of bamboo peaked in the past 10 years, many areas in the country have ventured into the possibility of using bamboo as an alternative to lumber. The islands of the Philippines have an impressive range of marine life, deeming them popular among divers worldwide. It also functions as a pouch for protecting offspring. , an area that contains the world’s highest coral diversity. Six genera are endemic, including the snake genus Myersophis, which is represented by a single species, Myersophis alpestris, on Luzon. The Philippine Porcupine (Hystrix pumila), or the Indonesian Porcupine or the Palawan Porcupine, is a species of rodent in the Hystricidae family (Old World porcupines). Any quills that are lost will typically regrow. It is important to remember that spiders seen in Philippines are not bound by the territorial lines decided on by humans, therefore their distribution is subject to change. Next up on our list of common sea creatures in Philippine waters is the snowflake moray eel. It is endemic to the island of Palawan in the Philippines. Brownbanded bamboo sharks swim around muddy seafloors that lie between the shore and the reef. Porcupine sexual organs are internal—it can take up to six months before the sex is known. With laterally pointed, tube-like nostrils, this winged creature is one of the strangest-looking bats you can ever find. It spits out venom that’s a thousand times more powerful than cyanide, which is enough to kill 26 humans in minutes. They can spot thousands of colorful reef fish, and depending on the season, rarely seen pelagic fish, such as whale sharks and hammerhead sharks. It excludes Near Threatened (NT), Data Deficient (DD), and prehistoric species. It measures about 42–93 cm (1.38–3.05 ft) long, not counting a tail of about 2.5–19 cm (0.98–7.48 in) and weighs 3.8–5.4 kg (8.4–11.9 lb). The harlequin shrimp is relatively popular among divers due to the vibrant pattern on its body. Are the reefs and fish of the Philippines even half as beautiful as the women there? In addition about one-third of the 915 butterflies found here are endemic to the country, and over 110 of the more than 130 species of tiger beetle are found nowhere else. But there are two reasons why they do this: it serves as an excellent camouflage and as a strong defense against poison. Mandarin fish typically have blue-colored bodies with wavy orange lines and other colors such as yellow, orange, purple, and green. Have seen all but the bamboo shark! These waters contain more than 2,500 species of fish and over 500 species of coral, making the Philippines a marine biodiversity hotspot. Six out of seven endangered sea turtle species call the Philippines home, and there is an abundance of invertebrate and macro life, making this a premiere, 15 Endemic Marine Species in the Philippines, The tropical waters of the Philippines host over 150 species of sharks, and the bamboo shark is one of them. At 75 cm, it’s the biggest among its kind. The islands of the Philippines have an impressive range of marine life, deeming them popular among divers worldwide. , the Moorish idol is another common sea creature you’d run into in the Philippines. In the Philippines, you can find tarsier in the southeastern region of the archipelago. It endemic and restricted to the Palawan Faunal Region. At 75 cm, it’s the biggest among its kind. The snowflake eel’s body looks like a snake with a light white-yellow color. We have seen so many different critters and beautiful corals and just can’t say enough about the muck diving! Porcupines vary in size considerably depending on species, however, they generally measure 60 – 90 centimetres (25 – 36 inches) in length (excluding tail which measures 20 – 25 centimetres (8 – 10 inches)) and weigh between 5 – 16 kilograms (12 – 35 pounds). But aside from its massive body, it’s also the. Flying gurnards call shallow waters their home, where there are sandy floors. Almost a million square miles of sea make up the country’s surrounding waters, with a major part lying in the Coral Triangle, an area that contains the world’s highest coral diversity. Porcupine rays can be found at depths of 3.3 to 98 feet (1 to 30 m). Their patagium, a web-like membrane connecting its limbs, is the largest of its kind and is used for gliding distances of up to 330 feet. This unique animal is also known as the Indonesian Porcupine or the Palawan Porcupine. The Philippine flying lizards from the genus Dracoare well represented here, with about 10 species. It has black and white stripes, as well as several yellow stains on its body and face. The country’s marine and terrestrial habitats are home to many unique species that are found nowhere else in the world. The snowflake eel’s body looks like a snake with a light white-yellow color. Porcupines have ro… Lastly, we have the titan triggerfish. Almost a million square miles of sea make up the country’s surrounding waters, with a major part lying. The Philippine Porcupine is a rodent that can only be found in the island of Palawan in the Philippines. Most porcupines have roughly 30,000 quills. We have made 3 (2 week) trips to the Philippines in the last 3 years and absolutely love it. 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