FLOCCULATION • Process where colloids come out of suspension in the form of floc or flake • Due to : 1.the addition of a clarifying agent 2.spontaneously • Occur in successive steps intended to overcome the forces • Stabilizes the suspended particles, allowing particle collision and growth of floc. Flocculation . Coagulation is a process to neutralize charges and then to form a gelatinous mass to trap (or bridge) particles thus forming a mass large enough to settle or be trapped in the filter. These particles form clumps with the help of a coagulant. Because Electrocoagulation (EC) utilizes methods that precipitate out large quantities of contaminants in one operation, the technology is the distinct economical and environmental choice for industrial, commercial and municipal waste treatment. Colloidal What is Coagulation and Flocculation? One of the first and most important steps in treatment is … Flocculation is a process of formation of large stable flocs that either sediment or float. Particle de-stabilization. Ballasted flocculation is a high-rate, physical-chemical clarification process involving the fixing of flocs, or suspended solids, onto ballast (sand) with the aid of a polymer. As a result of denaturation, molecules lose their properties. Precipitation is the creation of a solid from a solution. In conventional coagulation-flocculation-sedimentation, a coagulant is added to the source water to create an attraction among the suspended particles. These two terms refer to two different phenomena; however, agglutination makes only a tiny part in the coagulation cascade. Agglutination . On the other hand, coagulation is another process that makes small molecules aggregate and precipitates to the bottom of the solution. Difference between Coagulation and Flocculation Key Difference: Coagulation means to curdle; it basically refers to a chemical process in which the destabilization of non-settleable particles takes place. The reversal of coagulation or flocculation, i.e. Flocculants are reagents that achieve flocculation. Coagulation clumps contaminants together so they are more easily removed. Flocculation is the step where destabilized colloidal particles (or the particles formed during the coagulation step) are assembled into aggregates. The rate of aggregation is in general determined by the frequency of collisions and the probability of cohesion during collision. It is the logical step following coagulation. Coagulation Process Description • The term describes the effect produced when certain chemicals are added to raw water containing slowly settling or non-settling particles • Definition of flash mixing is the addition of coagulants to raw Coagulants with opposite charges are used for this. Goal and Mechanisms of Flocculation. Study on coagulation-flocculation of anaerobic landfill leachate by Hamidi Abdul Aziz and Siti Fatihah Ramli (2014) found out that removal rate was at the highest, 98.64% of color and 100% of SS, when 25 mg/L of chitosan is added as flocculant aid in coagulation-flocculation process which contains 1100 mg/L of FeCl 3 at pH of 6. Electrocoagulation Vs. Chemical Coagulation. The Flocculation of Wastewater. Thisoccurs when a coagulant is added to water to destabilise colloidal suspensions.The coagulation and flocculation in water and wastewater treatment processescan be used as a preliminary or intermediary step between other water … Flocculation and coagulation treatment chemicals are used in effluent wastewater water treatment processes for solids removal, water clarification, lime softening, sludge thickening, and solids dewatering.. Coagulation treatment neutralizes the negative electrical charge on particles, which destabilizes the forces keeping colloids apart. This enables their removal by sedi-mentation, dissolved air flotation or filtration. Coagulation is usually accomplished in two Water supply system - Water supply system - Coagulation and flocculation: Suspended particles cannot be removed completely by plain settling. Sweep-Floc Coagulation . It involves use of chemicals. Coagulation-Flocculation. During this phase, the particles to be removed from water are brought to larger agglomerations, called flocs, in order to settle down in the sedimentation chamber and be easily filtered.This happens thanks to the reaction with a polymer solution, which acts as flocculant agent. The coagulation-flocculation process can be used as a preliminary or intermediary step between other water or wastewater treatment processes like filtration and sedimentation. Coagulation and flocculation for wastewater treatment represent tested ways to improve efficiency and remove a high volume of particles. Agglutination vs Coagulation Agglutination and coagulation are two very technical terms which rarely come up unless you are a medical professional. 1.2.1. Denaturation is the process of modifying the structure of a molecule from its native structure. Agglutination is the process of clumping of particles. Coagulation means to curdle; it basically refers to a chemical process in which the destabilization of non-settleable particles takes place. EQUIPMENT NEEDED FOR DISSOLVED AIR FLOTATION. Flocculation is gentle stirring or agitation to encourage the particles thus formed to agglomerate into masses large enough to settle or be filtered from solution. Water from natural sources and industrial waste are composed of dissolved chemicals and suspended particles. Basic principle of flocculation: The flocculation step can only operate on a water/wastewater where the particles are already destabilized. Promote growth of flocs to a size that can be removed by sedimentation and filtration. Sewage is rich in all kinds of filth -- everything from household chemicals to human feces and dangerous bacteria. Coagulation is used to remove charged particles present in the water. Synthetic high molecular weight polyacrylamides are the most commonly used flocculants. The precipitation process can generate very fine particles that are held in suspension by electrostatic surface charges. These particles form clumps with the help of a coagulant. Achemical process that involves a neutralising charge on the particles. Wastewater contains particles of different sizes which can be classified as dissolved (0.08-1um), supra-colloidal (>100-100mm) and settleable (>100um). What is Flocculation in Water Treatment? Particle transportation (Flocculation). In the Coagulation and Flocculation solids processes,nonsettleable solids are converted into large and heavier settleables solids by physical- chemical changes brought about by adding and mixing coagulant chemicals into the raw water .The settleable solids can then be removed by the sedimentation and filtration processes. Coagulation and flocculation are important processes in water treatment with coagulation to destabilize particles through chemical reaction between coagulant and colloids, and flocculation to transport the destabilized particles that will cause collisions with floc. the dispersion of aggregates to form a colloidally stable suspension or emulsion, is called deflocculation (sometimes peptization). Coagulation purpose is to increase the settling velocity. Large, heavy particles settle out readily, but smaller and lighter particles settle very slowly or in some cases do not settle at all. On the … Flocculation. That's why it must be treated and disinfected before it can be discharged to the environment. Particle de-stabilization. Coagulation is completed in two steps. When size of aggregates increases, their settling velocity automatically increases. Coagulation is a chemical process that involves neutralization of charge whereas flocculation is a physical process and does not involve neutralization of charge. Purpose of coagulation. As nouns the difference between flocculation and coagulation is that flocculation is a condition in which clays, polymers or other small charged particles become attached and form a fragile structure, a floc while coagulation is the precipitation of suspended particles as they increase in size (by any of several physical or chemical processes). Summary – Denaturation vs Coagulation. A common use of flocculation is the coagulation-flocculation treatment for drinking water and wastewater. A jar test simulates the coagulation and flocculation processes Fill the jars with raw water sample (500 or 1000 mL) – usually 6 jars Adjust pH of the jars while mixing using H 2 SO 4 or NaOH/lime (pH: 5.0; 5.5; 6.0; 6.5; 7.0; 7.5) Add same dose of the selected coagulant (alum or iron) to each jar Coagulation and flocculation 14.1 Introduction Coagulation and flocculation provide the water treat-ment process by which finely divided suspended and colloidal matter in the water is made to agglomerate and form flocs. Flocculation is the phase that occurs after flash mixing. Coagulation, Flocculation, & Sedimentation. Coagulation is a process of making colloidal matter dispersed/suspended in a liquid to join in a coherent mass. On the other hand, flocculation means to form flocs. The mixture is slowly stirred to induce particles to clump together into “flocs.” 30-08-2015 4B.TECH BIOTECHNOLOGY Flocculants are large polymeric molecules that bind together smaller flocs produced by coagulation. The efficiency of coagulation or flocculation process depends on five important factors [12]: (1) The rate of transport of coagulant or flocculant molecules to Ballasted flocculation was traditionally used throughout Europe to treat water. Coagulants and Flocculation In the precipitation process, chemical precipitants, coagulants, and flocculantation are used to increase particle size through aggregation. Flocculating agents in wastewater treatment … Coagulation and flocculation practices are essential pretreatments for many water purification systems.. Flocculation is the process of creating conditions for particulates to come together to form flocs of solids and then settle. 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